This paper provides evidence that the Montreal Protocol’s restrictions on CFCs triggered a substantial increase in research and innovation on alternatives to ozone-depleting molecules and suggests such international environmental agreements can dynamically improve the benefit-cost equation of environmental protection and may therefore also be useful to dealing with current problems such as climate change.
This paper shows that diﬀerentiating driving costs by time of day and vehicle type can help to improve urban air quality, reduce driving and induce the adoption of electric vehicles.
This paper applies the tools of network analysis to understand the global network of international cooperation created by the system of international environmental agreements, which number more than 2,000.
Out of the window? Green monetary policy in China: window guidance and the promotion of sustainable lending and investment
Investigating the use of the green monetary policy tool ‘window guidance’ in China, the authors draw lessons for the design of green finance policies for other countries that seek to enhance sustainable finance and mitigate climate change and related risks.
This paper assembles a picture of the evolving research on and understanding of the equity premium and the issues it covers reinforce other arguments for discounting over time at a social time preference rate in climate change analysis.
This paper is a contribution to the understanding and development of social discounting regimes. It addresses three implications of how public funding differs from private financing by debt and equity, then examines US Federal and United Kingdom central government conventions, and also illustrates the difficulties of establishing and maintaining analytically rigorous social discounting procedures in practice.
This paper studies how institutional dynamics might affect the implementation of climate-related financial policies and discusses the scenarios that might originate from the current institutional setting.
Multiple resilience dividends at the community level: A comparative study on disaster risk reduction interventions in different countries
The concept of ‘multiple resilience dividends’ is not yet widely applied. This paper analyses the knowledge gaps and challenges that arise from applying ‘multiple resilience dividends’ in the planning, implementation and evaluation of disaster risk reduction interventions at the community level.
Imaginaries of development corridors: Delivering the Sustainable Development Goals through development corridors in East Africa
The analysis suggests that the Sustainable Development Goals and their targets mostly create conditions that aid the achievement of each other within development corridors but that there are trade-offs between some goals and other development gains. The authors signal priority areas for investment, policy reorientation and strengthened safeguards, to maximise positive SDG interactions and minimise negative ones.
Distributional issues in natural capital accounting: An application to land ownership and ecosystem services in Scotland
This paper examines the significance of the ownership of natural capital in the context of natural capital accounting, illustrated with regard to two ecosystem services – carbon sequestration and air pollution removal – and a range of ecosystem types and land ownership in Scotland.