Producer Cities and Consumer Cities: Using Production- and Consumption-Based Carbon Accounts to Guide Climate Action in China, the UK, and the US

Research article by Andrew Sudmant, Joel Millward-Hopkins, Andy Gouldson, John Barrett, Kate Scott

Meeting the commitments made in the Paris Agreement on climate change will require different approaches in different countries. However, a common feature in many contexts relates to the continued and sometimes increasing significance of the carbon footprints of urban centres. These footprints consider both production or territorial (i.e. Scope 1 and 2) emissions, and consumption […]

How do sectoral policies support climate compatible development? An empirical analysis focusing on southern Africa

Research article by Stavros Afionis, Matthew England, Lindsay Stringer, Andy Dougill

Promoting inclusive and sustainable economic and social development whilst simultaneously adapting to climate change impacts and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions – Climate Compatible Development (CCD) – requires coherent policy approaches that span multiple sectors. This paper develops and applies a qualitative content analysis to assess national sector policies of ten southern African countries to determine […]

Health impacts of climate change and health and social inequalities in the UK

Research article by Jouni Paavola

This article examines how social and health inequalities shape the health impacts of climate change in the UK, and what the implications are for climate change adaptation and health care provision. The evidence generated by the other articles of the special issue were interpreted using social justice reasoning in light of additional literature, to draw […]

The rationale for energy efficiency policy: Assessing the recognition of the multiple benefits of energy efficiency retrofit policy

Research article by N. Kerr, Andy Gouldson, John Barrett

The rationale for energy efficiency policy can be framed in terms of a variety of different benefits. This paper considers how different benefits have been used within the overall rationale for energy efficient retrofit policy in different contexts. We posit that different rationales may be used for the same policy response, and that the form […]

Uncovering blind spots in urban carbon management: the role of consumption-based carbon accounting in Bristol, UK

Research article by Andy Gouldson, Joel Millward-Hopkins, Kate Scott, John Barrett, Andrew Sudmant

The rapid urbanisation of the twentieth century, along with the spread of high-consumption urban lifestyles, has led to cities becoming the dominant drivers of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Reducing these impacts is crucial, but production-based frameworks of carbon measurement and mitigation—which encompass only a limited part of cities’ carbon footprints—are much more developed and […]

Private opportunities, public benefits? The scope for private finance to deliver low-carbon transport systems in Kigali, Rwanda

Research article by Andrew Sudmant, Andy Gouldson, Sarah Colenbrander

A significant portion of finance for a low-carbon transition is expected to come from private sources. This may be particularly the case in the transport sector, where there is a large private sector presence and substantial investment needs, and in low-income countries, where climate action is unlikely to be the first priority for public finances. […]

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