Publications

Cities, climate change and chronic heat exposure

Policy publication by Patrick Curran, Christian Siderius, Tanya Singh on 6 Sep 2019

Climate change will lead to increases in the occurrence of chronic heat exposure over longer durations and there is an urgent need to focus on managing the risks this poses, as well as the immediate risks from shorter-lived heat events. This policy brief looks at the problem with a focus on developing and emerging economies, and provides recommendations for action by government, utilities, property developers and investors, development support and finance organisations. read more »



Producer Cities and Consumer Cities: Using Production- and Consumption-Based Carbon Accounts to Guide Climate Action in China, the UK, and the US

Research article by Andrew Sudmant, Joel Millward-Hopkins, Andy Gouldson, John Barrett, Kate Scott on 1 Mar 2018

Meeting the commitments made in the Paris Agreement on climate change will require different approaches in different countries. However, a common feature in many contexts relates to the continued and sometimes increasing significance of the carbon footprints of urban centres. These footprints consider both production or territorial (i.e. Scope 1 and 2) emissions, and consumption […]


The rationale for energy efficiency policy: Assessing the recognition of the multiple benefits of energy efficiency retrofit policy

Research article by N. Kerr, Andy Gouldson, John Barrett on 23 Jul 2017

The rationale for energy efficiency policy can be framed in terms of a variety of different benefits. This paper considers how different benefits have been used within the overall rationale for energy efficient retrofit policy in different contexts. We posit that different rationales may be used for the same policy response, and that the form […]


Uncovering blind spots in urban carbon management: the role of consumption-based carbon accounting in Bristol, UK

Research article by Andy Gouldson, Joel Millward-Hopkins, Kate Scott, John Barrett, Andrew Sudmant on 23 Jun 2017

The rapid urbanisation of the twentieth century, along with the spread of high-consumption urban lifestyles, has led to cities becoming the dominant drivers of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Reducing these impacts is crucial, but production-based frameworks of carbon measurement and mitigation—which encompass only a limited part of cities’ carbon footprints—are much more developed and […]


Private opportunities, public benefits? The scope for private finance to deliver low-carbon transport systems in Kigali, Rwanda

Research article by Andrew Sudmant, Andy Gouldson, Sarah Colenbrander on 23 Jun 2017

A significant portion of finance for a low-carbon transition is expected to come from private sources. This may be particularly the case in the transport sector, where there is a large private sector presence and substantial investment needs, and in low-income countries, where climate action is unlikely to be the first priority for public finances. […]


The Economics of Climate Mitigation: Exploring the Relative Significance of the Incentives for and Barriers to Low-carbon Investment in Urban Areas

Research article by Andrew Sudmant, Sarah Colenbrander, Andy Gouldson, F. McAnulla on 23 Jun 2017

Achieving net zero emissions by 2050, as envisioned in the Paris Agreement, will require radical changes to urban form and function. Securing the necessary commitments and resources will be easier in the presence of a compelling economic case for mitigation. Focusing on Recife in Brazil, this article evaluates a wide range of low-carbon measures under […]


The role of intermediaries in low carbon transitions – Empowering innovations to unlock district heating in the UK

Research article by Ruth Bush, Frin Bale, Andy Gouldson, Peter Taylor, William Gale on 23 Apr 2017

The literature on socio-technical transitions considers how technological innovations can be established within the context of an incumbent regime that is often resistant or inflexible to change. Strategic niche management is an approach to catalysing a transition to a new regime using protected ‘niche’ spaces to enable development and experimentation with an innovation. Intermediary actors […]


Can low-carbon urban development be pro-poor? The case of Kolkata, India

Research article by Sarah Colenbrander, Andy Gouldson, Stephen Hall, Faye McAnulla, N. Kerr, Andrew Sudmant, J. Roy, S. Sarkar, A. Ghatak, D. Chakravarty, D. Ganguly on 23 Dec 2016

Fast-growing cities in the global South have an important role to play in climate change mitigation. However, city governments typically focus on more pressing socioeconomic needs, such as reducing urban poverty. To what extent can social, economic and climate objectives be aligned? Focusing on Kolkata in India, we consider the economic case for low-carbon urban […]


Climate change mitigation in Chinese megacities: A measures-based analysis of opportunities in the residential sector

Research article by Andy Gouldson, Andrew Sudmant, Dabo Guan, Sarah Colenbrander, Q. Zhang on 23 Dec 2016

China’s commitment to the UNFCCC to peak its emissions by 2030, or sooner, signaled a long anticipated shift in China’s model of development with far reaching consequences. Cities in China, and particularly the residential sector in cities, will be charged with making significant reductions in emissions growth even as rates of urbanization continue to climb. […]