Economic reasons for conserving wild nature

Research article by Andrew Balmford, Jouni Paavola on 9 Aug 2002

On the eve of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, it is timely to assess progress over the 10 years since its predecessor in Rio de Janeiro. Loss and degradation of remaining natural habitats has continued largely unabated. However, evidence has been accumulating that such systems generate marked economic benefits, which the available data suggest […]

Towards sustainable consumption? Economics and ethical concerns for the environment in consumer choices

Research article by Jouni Paavola on 25 Oct 2001

The article examines individual action informed by ethical concerns for the environment as a strategy for moving toward more sustainable consumption. The article first employs a model of rational choice to analyze independent consumer choices among the usually assumed self- and welfare-centered consumers and then expands the model to analyze the implications of other than […]