The UK’s net-zero commitment assumes the use of greenhouse gas removal (GGR) technologies, but there is little understanding of how they might be funded and who will bear the cost. This study prepared for the National Infrastructure Commission analyses how the distribution of costs for funding these technologies impacts society across income deciles.
There is considerable anxiety about the international impact of unilateral action on climate change, particularly around ‘carbon leakage’. Looking at the impact of national climate change policy and legislation over the past two decades, this paper finds no evidence it has increased international carbon leakage.
This report sets out a framework of just transition expectations that investors can use in conducting due diligence and assessments of companies, engaging with portfolio holdings and allocating capital. The framework is based on international standards and emerging practice and is applied to five companies in the European electric utilities sector.
Increasing the uptake of behaviours that are not yet niche is crucial to the sustainable energy transition. The authors of this paper test a novel approach to foster the uptake of renewable energy tariffs among a large sample of households in England and Wales.
This study explores how and to what extent tools to measure urban climate resilience can be or have been utilised by city-level actors to support their decision-making processes for building resilience.
This is the third report in our Global trends in climate litigation series, focusing on cases filed or concluded between May 2020 and May 2021. It provides an update of known case numbers, metrics and categorisations, and considers some of the most relevant trends in the arguments and strategies employed by litigants.
This paper provides evidence that the Montreal Protocol’s restrictions on CFCs triggered a substantial increase in research and innovation on alternatives to ozone-depleting molecules and suggests such international environmental agreements can dynamically improve the benefit-cost equation of environmental protection and may therefore also be useful to dealing with current problems such as climate change.