This study explores how and to what extent tools to measure urban climate resilience can be or have been utilised by city-level actors to support their decision-making processes for building resilience.
This is the third report in our Global trends in climate litigation series, focusing on cases filed or concluded between May 2020 and May 2021. It provides an update of known case numbers, metrics and categorisations, and considers some of the most relevant trends in the arguments and strategies employed by litigants.
This paper provides evidence that the Montreal Protocol’s restrictions on CFCs triggered a substantial increase in research and innovation on alternatives to ozone-depleting molecules and suggests such international environmental agreements can dynamically improve the benefit-cost equation of environmental protection and may therefore also be useful to dealing with current problems such as climate change.
This paper applies the tools of network analysis to understand the global network of international cooperation created by the system of international environmental agreements, which number more than 2,000.
Investigating the use of the green monetary policy tool ‘window guidance’ in China, the authors draw lessons for the design of green finance policies for other countries that seek to enhance sustainable finance and mitigate climate change and related risks.